## Air Voids Percent Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity
Vv = ((Gt-Gm)*100)/Gt
This formula uses 3 Variables
Variables Used
Air voids percent - Air voids percent is the volume of air gaps within a material, presented as a percentage of the total volume, crucial in evaluating material durability in construction.
Theoretical Specific Gravity - Theoretical specific gravity refers to the ratio of the density of a material to the density of a standard reference material, often water, under specific conditions.
Bulk Specific Gravity - Bulk specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a material's volume, including both voids and solid particles, to the weight of an equal volume of water at a specified temperature.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Theoretical Specific Gravity: 2.4 --> No Conversion Required
Bulk Specific Gravity: 2.316 --> No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
Vv = ((Gt-Gm)*100)/Gt --> ((2.4-2.316)*100)/2.4
Evaluating ... ...
Vv = 3.5
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
3.5 --> No Conversion Required
3.5 <-- Air voids percent
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## Credits

Created by Rahul
Dayanada Sagar college of Engineering (DSCE), banglore
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Verified by Kartikay Pandit
National Institute Of Technology (NIT), Hamirpur
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## < 8 Marshall Mix Design Calculators

Air Voids Percent
Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity
Bulk Specific Gravity of Mix
Bulk Specific Gravity = The Weight of Mix in Air/(The Weight of Mix in Air-Weight of Mix in Water)
Percent Bitumen Content in Mix given Voids filled with Bitumen
Percent Bitumen Content in Mix = (Voids in Mineral Aggregate*Voids filled with bitumen)/100
Voids in Mineral Aggregate given Voids filled with Bitumen
Voids in Mineral Aggregate = (Percent Bitumen Content in Mix*100)/Voids filled with bitumen
Voids Filled with Bitumen
Voids filled with bitumen = (Percent Bitumen Content in Mix*100)/Voids in Mineral Aggregate
Percent Bitumen Content in Mix given Voids in Mineral Aggregate
Percent Bitumen Content in Mix = Voids in Mineral Aggregate-Air voids percent
Percent Air Voids in Mix Given Voids in Mineral Aggregate
Air voids percent = Voids in Mineral Aggregate-Percent Bitumen Content in Mix
Voids in Mineral Aggregate
Voids in Mineral Aggregate = Air voids percent+Percent Bitumen Content in Mix

## Air Voids Percent Formula

Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity
Vv = ((Gt-Gm)*100)/Gt

## Marshall Mix Design

Marshall Mix Design is a method used to design and test asphalt concrete mixes for roads, involving evaluating the properties of the asphalt mixture to ensure durability, stability, and performance under various conditions.

## How to Calculate Air Voids Percent?

Air Voids Percent calculator uses Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity to calculate the Air voids percent, The Air Voids Percent formula is defined as the theoretical specific gravity subtracted from the bulk specific gravity of the material (Gmm), multiplied by 100, then divided by the theoretical specific gravity. Air voids percent is denoted by Vv symbol.

How to calculate Air Voids Percent using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Air Voids Percent, enter Theoretical Specific Gravity (Gt) & Bulk Specific Gravity (Gm) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Air Voids Percent calculation can be explained with given input values -> 3.5 = ((2.4-2.316)*100)/2.4.

### FAQ

What is Air Voids Percent?
The Air Voids Percent formula is defined as the theoretical specific gravity subtracted from the bulk specific gravity of the material (Gmm), multiplied by 100, then divided by the theoretical specific gravity and is represented as Vv = ((Gt-Gm)*100)/Gt or Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity. Theoretical specific gravity refers to the ratio of the density of a material to the density of a standard reference material, often water, under specific conditions & Bulk specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a material's volume, including both voids and solid particles, to the weight of an equal volume of water at a specified temperature.
How to calculate Air Voids Percent?
The Air Voids Percent formula is defined as the theoretical specific gravity subtracted from the bulk specific gravity of the material (Gmm), multiplied by 100, then divided by the theoretical specific gravity is calculated using Air voids percent = ((Theoretical Specific Gravity-Bulk Specific Gravity)*100)/Theoretical Specific Gravity. To calculate Air Voids Percent, you need Theoretical Specific Gravity (Gt) & Bulk Specific Gravity (Gm). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Theoretical Specific Gravity & Bulk Specific Gravity and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Air voids percent?
In this formula, Air voids percent uses Theoretical Specific Gravity & Bulk Specific Gravity. We can use 1 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Air voids percent = Voids in Mineral Aggregate-Percent Bitumen Content in Mix Let Others Know