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## Credits

Bipin Tripathi Kumaon Institute of Technology (BTKIT), Dwarahat
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## Average duration of fade Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
normalized_lcr = Cumulative distribution function/Average duration of fade
nR = CDF/t'r
This formula uses 2 Variables
Variables Used
Cumulative distribution function- Cumulative distribution function
Average duration of fade - Average duration of fade is the fade duration (Measured in Second)
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Cumulative distribution function: 1 --> No Conversion Required
Average duration of fade: 3 Second --> 3 Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
nR = CDF/t'r --> 1/3
Evaluating ... ...
nR = 0.333333333333333
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.333333333333333 --> No Conversion Required
FINAL ANSWER
0.333333333333333 <-- Normalized LCR
(Calculation completed in 00.000 seconds)

## < 1 Other formulas that you can solve using the same Inputs

Cumulative distribution function
cumulative_distribution_fun = Average duration of fade*Normalized LCR Go

## < 1 Other formulas that calculate the same Output

Normalized LCR(nr)
normalized_lcr = Level Crossing Rate*sqrt(2*3.14)/(Beta*Velocity) Go

### Average duration of fade Formula

normalized_lcr = Cumulative distribution function/Average duration of fade
nR = CDF/t'r

## What do you mean by Handoff?

When a mobile moves into a different cell while a conversation is in progress, the Mobile Switching Center automatically transfers the call to a new channel belonging to the new Base Station. Types of handoffs are Hard Handoff and Soft Handoff.

## How to Calculate Average duration of fade?

Average duration of fade calculator uses normalized_lcr = Cumulative distribution function/Average duration of fade to calculate the Normalized LCR, The Average duration of fade formula is defined as Average Fade Duration (AFD) measures how long a signal's envelope or power stays. below a given target threshold: derived from the level crossing rate. Normalized LCR and is denoted by nR symbol.

How to calculate Average duration of fade using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Average duration of fade, enter Cumulative distribution function (CDF) and Average duration of fade (t'r) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Average duration of fade calculation can be explained with given input values -> 0.333333 = 1/3.

### FAQ

What is Average duration of fade?
The Average duration of fade formula is defined as Average Fade Duration (AFD) measures how long a signal's envelope or power stays. below a given target threshold: derived from the level crossing rate and is represented as nR = CDF/t'r or normalized_lcr = Cumulative distribution function/Average duration of fade. Cumulative distribution function and Average duration of fade is the fade duration.
How to calculate Average duration of fade?
The Average duration of fade formula is defined as Average Fade Duration (AFD) measures how long a signal's envelope or power stays. below a given target threshold: derived from the level crossing rate is calculated using normalized_lcr = Cumulative distribution function/Average duration of fade. To calculate Average duration of fade, you need Cumulative distribution function (CDF) and Average duration of fade (t'r). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Cumulative distribution function and Average duration of fade and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Normalized LCR?
In this formula, Normalized LCR uses Cumulative distribution function and Average duration of fade. We can use 1 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• normalized_lcr = Level Crossing Rate*sqrt(2*3.14)/(Beta*Velocity) Let Others Know
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