## Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Baffle Spacing = (Shell Area*Tube Pitch)/(Shell Diameter*(Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter))
LBaffle = (As*PTube)/(Ds*(PTube-DOuter))
This formula uses 5 Variables
Variables Used
Baffle Spacing - (Measured in Meter) - Baffle spacing refers to the distance between adjacent baffles within the heat exchanger. Their purpose is to create turbulence on shell side fluid.
Shell Area - (Measured in Square Meter) - Shell area of a heat exchanger refers the total area through which the fluid on the shell side can flow.
Tube Pitch - (Measured in Meter) - Tube Pitch in a heat exchanger refers to the center-to-center spacing between adjacent tubes in a tube bundle of heat exchanger.
Shell Diameter - (Measured in Meter) - Shell Diameter of a heat exchanger refers to the internal diameter of the cylindrical shell that houses the tube bundle.
Pipe Outer Diameter - (Measured in Meter) - Pipe Outer Diameter refers to the measurement of the outside or external diameter of a cylindrical pipe. It includes the pipe thickness into it.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Shell Area: 0.017739 Square Meter --> 0.017739 Square Meter No Conversion Required
Tube Pitch: 23 Millimeter --> 0.023 Meter (Check conversion ​here)
Shell Diameter: 510 Millimeter --> 0.51 Meter (Check conversion ​here)
Pipe Outer Diameter: 19 Millimeter --> 0.019 Meter (Check conversion ​here)
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
LBaffle = (As*PTube)/(Ds*(PTube-DOuter)) --> (0.017739*0.023)/(0.51*(0.023-0.019))
Evaluating ... ...
LBaffle = 0.199998529411765
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.199998529411765 Meter -->199.998529411765 Millimeter (Check conversion ​here)
199.998529411765 199.9985 Millimeter <-- Baffle Spacing
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## < 25 Basic Formulas of Heat Exchanger Designs Calculators

Pressure Drop of Vapor in Condensers given Vapors on Shell Side
Shell Side Pressure Drop = 0.5*8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)*(Shell Diameter/Equivalent Diameter)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)*((Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14)
Shell Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger
Shell Side Pressure Drop = (8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)*(Shell Diameter/Equivalent Diameter))*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)*((Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14)
Tube Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger for Turbulent Flow
Tube Side Pressure Drop = Number of Tube-Side Passes*(8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Pipe Inner Diameter)*(Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14+2.5)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)
Tube Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger for Laminar Flow
Tube Side Pressure Drop = Number of Tube-Side Passes*(8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Pipe Inner Diameter)*(Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.25+2.5)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film Outside Vertical Tubes in Heat Exchanger
Reynold Number = 4*Mass Flowrate/(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes*Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film Inside Vertical Tubes in Condenser
Reynold Number = 4*Mass Flowrate/(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter*Number of Tubes*Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature)
Number of Tubes in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Number of Tubes = 4*Mass Flowrate/(Fluid Density*Fluid Velocity*pi*(Pipe Inner Diameter)^2)
Shell Area for Heat Exchanger
Shell Area = (Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter)*Shell Diameter*(Baffle Spacing/Tube Pitch)
Stack Design Pressure Draft for Furnace
Draft Pressure = 0.0342*(Stack Height)*Atmospheric Pressure*(1/Ambient Temperature-1/Flue Gas Temperature)
Number of Transfer Units for Plate Heat Exchanger
Number of Transfer Units = (Outlet Temperature-Inlet Temperature)/Log Mean Temperature Difference
Equivalent Diameter for Triangular Pitch in Heat Exchanger
Equivalent Diameter = (1.10/Pipe Outer Diameter)*((Tube Pitch^2)-0.917*(Pipe Outer Diameter^2))
Equivalent Diameter for Square Pitch in Heat Exchanger
Equivalent Diameter = (1.27/Pipe Outer Diameter)*((Tube Pitch^2)-0.785*(Pipe Outer Diameter^2))
Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14
Pumping Power Required in Heat Exchanger Given Pressure Drop
Pumping Power = (Mass Flowrate*Tube Side Pressure Drop)/Fluid Density
Heat Exchanger Volume for Hydrocarbon Applications
Heat Exchanger Volume = (Heat Duty of Heat Exchanger/Log Mean Temperature Difference)/100000
Heat Exchanger Volume for Air Separation Applications
Heat Exchanger Volume = (Heat Duty of Heat Exchanger/Log Mean Temperature Difference)/50000
Provision for Thermal Expansion and Contraction in Heat Exchanger
Thermal Expansion = (97.1*10^-6)*Length of Tube*Temperature Difference
Number of Tubes in Eight Pass Triangular Pitch given Bundle Diameter
Number of Tubes = 0.0365*(Bundle Diameter/Pipe Outer Diameter)^2.675
Number of Tubes in Six Pass Triangular Pitch given Bundle Diameter
Number of Tubes = 0.0743*(Bundle Diameter/Pipe Outer Diameter)^2.499
Number of Tubes in Four Pass Triangular Pitch given Bundle Diameter
Number of Tubes = 0.175*(Bundle Diameter/Pipe Outer Diameter)^2.285
Number of Tubes in One Pass Triangular Pitch given Bundle Diameter
Number of Tubes = 0.319*(Bundle Diameter/Pipe Outer Diameter)^2.142
Number of Tubes in Two Pass Triangular Pitch given Bundle Diameter
Number of Tubes = 0.249*(Bundle Diameter/Pipe Outer Diameter)^2.207
Number of Tubes in Center Row Given Bundle Diameter and Tube Pitch
Number of Tubes in Vertical Tube Row = Bundle Diameter/Tube Pitch
Number of Baffles in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Number of Baffles = (Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)-1
Shell Diameter of Heat Exchanger Given Clearance and Bundle Diameter
Shell Diameter = Shell Clearance+Bundle Diameter

## Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter Formula

Baffle Spacing = (Shell Area*Tube Pitch)/(Shell Diameter*(Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter))
LBaffle = (As*PTube)/(Ds*(PTube-DOuter))

## What is the Significance of Shell Area in a Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?

The shell area influences the ability of the heat exchanger to control temperatures. A larger surface area allows for more effective temperature control and greater heat exchange between the fluids. The shell area, along with other design parameters, contributes to the overall size and compactness of the heat exchanger. Engineers aim to design heat exchangers that efficiently utilize available space while meeting the required thermal performance. In summary, the significance of the shell area in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger lies in its role as a fundamental parameter influencing the heat exchanger's thermal performance, efficiency, and overall design. Engineers carefully consider the size and characteristics of the shell area to achieve the desired heat transfer characteristics while meeting practical and operational constraints.

## What is Shell and Tube heat exchanger?

A Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger is a common type of heat exchanger used in various industrial applications to transfer heat between two fluids. It consists of a large, cylindrical outer shell (usually made of metal) with multiple smaller tubes (also made of metal) running through it. The tubes are arranged in a bundle inside the shell and are typically oriented parallel to the shell's longitudinal axis.

## How to Calculate Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter?

Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter calculator uses Baffle Spacing = (Shell Area*Tube Pitch)/(Shell Diameter*(Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter)) to calculate the Baffle Spacing, The Baffle Spacing Given Shell Area and Shell Diameter formula is defined as the distance between adjacent baffles inside the shell of the heat exchanger. Baffle Spacing is denoted by LBaffle symbol.

How to calculate Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter, enter Shell Area (As), Tube Pitch (PTube), Shell Diameter (Ds) & Pipe Outer Diameter (DOuter) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter calculation can be explained with given input values -> 199998.5 = (0.017739*0.023)/(0.51*(0.023-0.019)).

### FAQ

What is Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter?
The Baffle Spacing Given Shell Area and Shell Diameter formula is defined as the distance between adjacent baffles inside the shell of the heat exchanger and is represented as LBaffle = (As*PTube)/(Ds*(PTube-DOuter)) or Baffle Spacing = (Shell Area*Tube Pitch)/(Shell Diameter*(Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter)). Shell area of a heat exchanger refers the total area through which the fluid on the shell side can flow, Tube Pitch in a heat exchanger refers to the center-to-center spacing between adjacent tubes in a tube bundle of heat exchanger, Shell Diameter of a heat exchanger refers to the internal diameter of the cylindrical shell that houses the tube bundle & Pipe Outer Diameter refers to the measurement of the outside or external diameter of a cylindrical pipe. It includes the pipe thickness into it.
How to calculate Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter?
The Baffle Spacing Given Shell Area and Shell Diameter formula is defined as the distance between adjacent baffles inside the shell of the heat exchanger is calculated using Baffle Spacing = (Shell Area*Tube Pitch)/(Shell Diameter*(Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter)). To calculate Baffle Spacing given Shell Area and Shell Diameter, you need Shell Area (As), Tube Pitch (PTube), Shell Diameter (Ds) & Pipe Outer Diameter (DOuter). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Shell Area, Tube Pitch, Shell Diameter & Pipe Outer Diameter and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Baffle Spacing?
In this formula, Baffle Spacing uses Shell Area, Tube Pitch, Shell Diameter & Pipe Outer Diameter. We can use 1 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Baffle Spacing = Length of Tube/(Number of Baffles+1)
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