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## Credits

Bipin Tripathi Kumaon Institute of Technology (BTKIT), Dwarahat
Shobhit Dimri has created this Calculator and 500+ more calculators!
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College (VGEC), Ahmedabad
Urvi Rathod has verified this Calculator and 1000+ more calculators!

## Maximum LOW output voltage Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
maximum_low_output_voltage = maximum LOW input voltage-LOW Noise margin
VOL = ViL-NMι
This formula uses 2 Variables
Variables Used
maximum LOW input voltage - maximum LOW input voltage is the voltage (Measured in Volt)
LOW Noise margin - LOW Noise margin is low marginally noise. (Measured in Decibel)
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
maximum LOW input voltage: 10 Volt --> 10 Volt No Conversion Required
LOW Noise margin: 5 Decibel --> 5 Decibel No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
VOL = ViL-NMι --> 10-5
Evaluating ... ...
VOL = 5
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
5 Volt --> No Conversion Required
FINAL ANSWER
5 Volt <-- maximum LOW output voltage
(Calculation completed in 00.015 seconds)

## < 10+ CMOS-VLSI Design Calculators

Drain Voltage
drain_voltage = sqrt(dynamic power/frequency*Capacitance) Go
Gate to Channel Voltage
gate_to_channel_voltage = (Channel Charge/Gate Capacitance)+Threshold voltage Go
Threshold Voltage
threshold_voltage = Gate to Channel Voltage-(Channel Charge/Gate Capacitance) Go
Gate Capacitance
channel_charge = Gate Capacitance*(Gate to Channel Voltage-Threshold voltage) Go
Channel Charge
channel_charge = Gate Capacitance*(Gate to Channel Voltage-Threshold voltage) Go
Capacitor dynamic power
dynamic_power = Drain Voltage^2*frequency*Capacitance Go
Potential gate to Collector
potential_gate_to_collector = (Potential Gate to Source+Potential Gate to Drain)/2 Go
Potential Gate to Drain
potential_gate_to_drain = 2*potential gate to collector-Potential Gate to Source Go
Static Current
static_current = Static power/Drain Voltage Go
Static Power Dissipation
static_power = static current*Drain Voltage Go

### Maximum LOW output voltage Formula

maximum_low_output_voltage = maximum LOW input voltage-LOW Noise margin
VOL = ViL-NMι

## What Is Noise Margin? Explain The Procedure To Determine Noise Margin?

The minimum amount of noise that can be allowed on the input stage for which the output will not be effected.

## How to Calculate Maximum LOW output voltage?

Maximum LOW output voltage calculator uses maximum_low_output_voltage = maximum LOW input voltage-LOW Noise margin to calculate the maximum LOW output voltage, The Maximum LOW output voltage formula is defined as the maximum output voltage when the CMOS logic is Low. maximum LOW output voltage and is denoted by VOL symbol.

How to calculate Maximum LOW output voltage using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Maximum LOW output voltage, enter maximum LOW input voltage (ViL) and LOW Noise margin (NMι) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Maximum LOW output voltage calculation can be explained with given input values -> 5 = 10-5 .

### FAQ

What is Maximum LOW output voltage?
The Maximum LOW output voltage formula is defined as the maximum output voltage when the CMOS logic is Low and is represented as VOL = ViL-NMι or maximum_low_output_voltage = maximum LOW input voltage-LOW Noise margin . maximum LOW input voltage is the voltage and LOW Noise margin is low marginally noise.
How to calculate Maximum LOW output voltage?
The Maximum LOW output voltage formula is defined as the maximum output voltage when the CMOS logic is Low is calculated using maximum_low_output_voltage = maximum LOW input voltage-LOW Noise margin . To calculate Maximum LOW output voltage, you need maximum LOW input voltage (ViL) and LOW Noise margin (NMι). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for maximum LOW input voltage and LOW Noise margin and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate maximum LOW output voltage?
In this formula, maximum LOW output voltage uses maximum LOW input voltage and LOW Noise margin. We can use 10 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• dynamic_power = Drain Voltage^2*frequency*Capacitance
• drain_voltage = sqrt(dynamic power/frequency*Capacitance)
• static_power = static current*Drain Voltage
• static_current = Static power/Drain Voltage
• channel_charge = Gate Capacitance*(Gate to Channel Voltage-Threshold voltage)
• channel_charge = Gate Capacitance*(Gate to Channel Voltage-Threshold voltage)
• gate_to_channel_voltage = (Channel Charge/Gate Capacitance)+Threshold voltage
• threshold_voltage = Gate to Channel Voltage-(Channel Charge/Gate Capacitance)
• potential_gate_to_collector = (Potential Gate to Source+Potential Gate to Drain)/2
• potential_gate_to_drain = 2*potential gate to collector-Potential Gate to Source
Where is the Maximum LOW output voltage calculator used?
Among many, Maximum LOW output voltage calculator is widely used in real life applications like {FormulaUses}. Here are few more real life examples -
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