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## Credits

Birsa Institute of Technology (BIT), Sindri
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## Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600
Vt = T/11600
This formula uses 1 Variables
Variables Used
Temperature - Temperature is the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or object. (Measured in Kelvin)
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Temperature: 85 Kelvin --> 85 Kelvin No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
Vt = T/11600 --> 85/11600
Evaluating ... ...
Vt = 0.00732758620689655
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.00732758620689655 Volt -->7.32758620689655 Millivolt (Check conversion here)
FINAL ANSWER
7.32758620689655 Millivolt <-- Thermal voltage
(Calculation completed in 00.000 seconds)

## < 10+ Basic Electronics Calculators

Conductivity in semiconductors in terms of mobility of electrons and holes
conductivity = Concentration of electrons in the conduction band*[Charge-e]*Mobility of holes+Majority carrier electron concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of electron Go
Intrinsic concentration
intrinsic_carrier_concentration = sqrt(Coefficient related to specific semiconductor*(Temperature)^3*e^-(Semiconductor bandgap energy/(2*[BoltZ]*Temperature))) Go
Conductivity of extrinsic semiconductor for p-type
conductivity_of_extrinsic_semiconductors_n_type = Acceptor concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of electron Go
Conductivity of extrinsic semiconductors for n-type
conductivity_of_extrinsic_semiconductors_p_type = Donor concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of holes Go
Majority carrier concentration in a Semiconductor
majority_carrier_electron_concentration = (Intrinsic carrier concentration)^2/Minority carrier concentration Go
Electron diffusion length in terms of relaxation time
electron_diffusion_length = sqrt(Electron Diffusion Constant*Relaxation time) Go
Conductivity in metals in terms of number of electrons
conductivity = Number of Electrons*Mobility of electron*[Charge-e] Go
Einstein's Equation
voltage_equivalent_of_temperature = Electron Diffusion Constant/Mobility of electron Go
Mobility of a charge carriers
mobility_of_charge_carriers = Drift Velocity/Electric field intensity Go
Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature
thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600 Go

### Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature Formula

thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600
Vt = T/11600

## What is thermal voltage ?

In semiconductors, the Shockley diode equation—the relationship between the flow of electric current and the electrostatic potential across a p–n junction—depends on a characteristic voltage called the thermal voltage, denoted VT. The thermal voltage depends on absolute temperature T as VT = T / 11600 V

## How to Calculate Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature?

Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature calculator uses thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600 to calculate the Thermal voltage, Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature is the relationship between the flow of electric current and electrostatic potential across a p-n junction. Thermal voltage and is denoted by Vt symbol.

How to calculate Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature, enter Temperature (T) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature calculation can be explained with given input values -> 7.327586 = 85/11600.

### FAQ

What is Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature?
Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature is the relationship between the flow of electric current and electrostatic potential across a p-n junction and is represented as Vt = T/11600 or thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600. Temperature is the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or object.
How to calculate Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature?
Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature is the relationship between the flow of electric current and electrostatic potential across a p-n junction is calculated using thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600. To calculate Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature, you need Temperature (T). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Temperature and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Thermal voltage?
In this formula, Thermal voltage uses Temperature. We can use 10 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• thermal_voltage = Temperature/11600
• mobility_of_charge_carriers = Drift Velocity/Electric field intensity
• majority_carrier_electron_concentration = (Intrinsic carrier concentration)^2/Minority carrier concentration
• intrinsic_carrier_concentration = sqrt(Coefficient related to specific semiconductor*(Temperature)^3*e^-(Semiconductor bandgap energy/(2*[BoltZ]*Temperature)))
• voltage_equivalent_of_temperature = Electron Diffusion Constant/Mobility of electron
• electron_diffusion_length = sqrt(Electron Diffusion Constant*Relaxation time)
• conductivity = Number of Electrons*Mobility of electron*[Charge-e]
• conductivity = Concentration of electrons in the conduction band*[Charge-e]*Mobility of holes+Majority carrier electron concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of electron
• conductivity_of_extrinsic_semiconductors_p_type = Donor concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of holes
• conductivity_of_extrinsic_semiconductors_n_type = Acceptor concentration*[Charge-e]*Mobility of electron
Where is the Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature calculator used?
Among many, Thermal Voltage or voltage equivalent of temperature calculator is widely used in real life applications like {FormulaUses}. Here are few more real life examples -
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