## Time response in undamped case Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations)
C(t) = 1-cos(f*T)
This formula uses 1 Functions, 3 Variables
Functions Used
cos - Trigonometric cosine function, cos(Angle)
Variables Used
Time response for second order system - Time response for second order system is defined as the response of a second order system towards any applied input.
Frequency - (Measured in Hertz) - Frequency is defined as the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time in control system applications.
Time Period of Oscillations - (Measured in Second) - The time period of oscillations is the time taken by a complete cycle of the wave to pass a point.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Frequency: 23 Hertz --> 23 Hertz No Conversion Required
Time Period of Oscillations: 0.15 Second --> 0.15 Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
C(t) = 1-cos(f*T) --> 1-cos(23*0.15)
Evaluating ... ...
C(t) = 1.9528182145943
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
1.9528182145943 --> No Conversion Required
1.9528182145943 <-- Time response for second order system
(Calculation completed in 00.009 seconds)
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## Credits

Created by Akshada Kulkarni
National Institute of Information Technology (NIIT), Neemrana
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## < 3 Time response of 2nd order system Calculators

Time response in overdamped case
Time response for second order system = 1-((e^(-(Overdamping ratio-(sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))*(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))/(2*sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)*(Overdamping ratio-sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1))))) Go
Time response of critically damped system
Time response for second order system = 1-e^(-(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))*(1+(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations)) Go
Time response in undamped case
Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations) Go

## < 10+ Second Order Systems Calculators

Time response in overdamped case
Time response for second order system = 1-((e^(-(Overdamping ratio-(sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))*(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))/(2*sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)*(Overdamping ratio-sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1))))) Go
Time response of critically damped system
Time response for second order system = 1-e^(-(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))*(1+(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations)) Go
Maximum Overshoot
Maximum Overshoot = e^(-(Damping Ratio*Damped natural frequency)/(sqrt(1-(Damping Ratio)^2))) Go
Time response in undamped case
Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations) Go
Number of oscillations
Number of Oscillations = (Setting Time*Damped natural frequency)/(2*pi) Go
Rise Time given Damped Natural Frequency
Rise Time = (pi-Phase Shift)/Damped natural frequency Go
Setting time when tolerance is 2 percent
Setting Time = 4/(Damping Ratio*Damped natural frequency) Go
Setting time when tolerance is 5 percent
Setting Time = 3/(Damping Ratio*Damped natural frequency) Go
Delay time
Delay Time = (1+(0.7*Damping Ratio))/Frequency Go
Peak time
Peak Time = pi/Damped natural frequency Go

## Time response in undamped case Formula

Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations)
C(t) = 1-cos(f*T)

## What is Undamped response?

An underdamped response is one that oscillates within a decaying envelope. The more underdamped the system, the more oscillations and longer it takes to reach steady-state.

## How to Calculate Time response in undamped case?

Time response in undamped case calculator uses Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations) to calculate the Time response for second order system, Time response in undamped case occurs when the damping factor in the system becomes zero. Time response for second order system is denoted by C(t) symbol.

How to calculate Time response in undamped case using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Time response in undamped case, enter Frequency (f) & Time Period of Oscillations (T) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Time response in undamped case calculation can be explained with given input values -> 1.952818 = 1-cos(23*0.15).

### FAQ

What is Time response in undamped case?
Time response in undamped case occurs when the damping factor in the system becomes zero and is represented as C(t) = 1-cos(f*T) or Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations). Frequency is defined as the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time in control system applications & The time period of oscillations is the time taken by a complete cycle of the wave to pass a point.
How to calculate Time response in undamped case?
Time response in undamped case occurs when the damping factor in the system becomes zero is calculated using Time response for second order system = 1-cos(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations). To calculate Time response in undamped case, you need Frequency (f) & Time Period of Oscillations (T). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Frequency & Time Period of Oscillations and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Time response for second order system?
In this formula, Time response for second order system uses Frequency & Time Period of Oscillations. We can use 4 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Time response for second order system = 1-e^(-(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))*(1+(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))
• Time response for second order system = 1-((e^(-(Overdamping ratio-(sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))*(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))/(2*sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)*(Overdamping ratio-sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))))
• Time response for second order system = 1-e^(-(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))*(1+(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))
• Time response for second order system = 1-((e^(-(Overdamping ratio-(sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))*(Frequency*Time Period of Oscillations))/(2*sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)*(Overdamping ratio-sqrt((Overdamping ratio^2)-1)))))
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