## Total Hoop Stress in Shell Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Total Hoop Stress = (Design Pressure Shell*Internal Diameter of Shell)/(2*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)+(Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/((4*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)+(2.5*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell))
fcs = (pshell*Di)/(2*t*J)+(pj*di)/((4*tcoil*Jcoil)+(2.5*t*J))
This formula uses 9 Variables
Variables Used
Total Hoop Stress - (Measured in Newton per Square Millimeter) - The Total Hoop Stress in the Shell formula is defined as is the stress around the circumference of the shell due to a pressure gradient.
Design Pressure Shell - (Measured in Newton per Square Millimeter) - Design Pressure Shell refers to the maximum allowable pressure that the shell can withstand without experiencing permanent deformation or failure.
Internal Diameter of Shell - (Measured in Millimeter) - Internal Diameter of Shell is a measurement of the distance of a straight line from one point on the inner wall of the object, through its center, to an opposite point also on the inside.
Shell Thickness - (Measured in Millimeter) - Shell thickness is the the distance through the shell.
Joint Efficiency for Shell - Joint Efficiency for Shell refers to the effectiveness of the joint between two adjacent sections of a cylindrical shell, such as in a pressure vessel or a storage tank.
Design Jacket Pressure - (Measured in Newton per Square Millimeter) - Design Jacket Pressure refers to a type of pressure vessel designed to withstand high pressures and temperatures, typically used for containing gases or liquids under extreme conditions.
Internal Diameter of Half Coil - (Measured in Millimeter) - Internal Diameter of Half Coil is a measurement of the distance of a straight line from one point on the inner wall of the object, through its center, to an opposite point also on the inside.
Thickness of Half Coil Jacket - (Measured in Millimeter) - Thickness of Half Coil Jacket can be determined by considering the heat transfer coefficient, the surface area of the coil, and the temperature difference.
Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil - Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil is a measure of the strength of the weld relative to the strength of the base metal.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Design Pressure Shell: 0.61 Newton per Square Millimeter --> 0.61 Newton per Square Millimeter No Conversion Required
Internal Diameter of Shell: 1500 Millimeter --> 1500 Millimeter No Conversion Required
Shell Thickness: 200 Millimeter --> 200 Millimeter No Conversion Required
Joint Efficiency for Shell: 0.85 --> No Conversion Required
Design Jacket Pressure: 0.105 Newton per Square Millimeter --> 0.105 Newton per Square Millimeter No Conversion Required
Internal Diameter of Half Coil: 54 Millimeter --> 54 Millimeter No Conversion Required
Thickness of Half Coil Jacket: 11.2 Millimeter --> 11.2 Millimeter No Conversion Required
Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil: 0.6 --> No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
fcs = (pshell*Di)/(2*t*J)+(pj*di)/((4*tcoil*Jcoil)+(2.5*t*J)) --> (0.61*1500)/(2*200*0.85)+(0.105*54)/((4*11.2*0.6)+(2.5*200*0.85))
Evaluating ... ...
fcs = 2.70372404959151
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
2703724.04959151 Pascal -->2.70372404959151 Newton per Square Millimeter (Check conversion ​here)
2.70372404959151 2.703724 Newton per Square Millimeter <-- Total Hoop Stress
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## <Jacketed Reaction Vessel Calculators

Maximum Hoop Stress in Coil at Junction with Shell
​ Go Maximum Hoop Stress in Coil at Junction with Shell = (Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/(2*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)
Required Plate Thickness for Dimple Jacket
​ Go Required Thickness of Dimple Jacket = Maximum Pitch between Steam Weld Centre Lines*sqrt(Design Jacket Pressure/(3*Allowable Stress for Jacket Material))
Required Thickness for Jacket Closer Member with Jacket Width
​ Go Required Thickness for Jacket Closer Member = 0.886*Jacket Width*sqrt(Design Jacket Pressure/Allowable Stress for Jacket Material)
Jacket Width
​ Go Jacket Width = (Inside Diameter of Jacket-Outer Diameter of Vessel)/2

## Total Hoop Stress in Shell Formula

Total Hoop Stress = (Design Pressure Shell*Internal Diameter of Shell)/(2*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)+(Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/((4*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)+(2.5*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell))
fcs = (pshell*Di)/(2*t*J)+(pj*di)/((4*tcoil*Jcoil)+(2.5*t*J))

## What id Design Stress?

Stress is a physical quantity. It is a quantity that describes the magnitude of forces that cause deformation. Stress is defined as force per unit area. When an object is pulled apart by a force it will cause elongation which is also known as deformation, like the stretching of an elastic band, it is called tensile stress. But, when the forces result in the compression of an object, it is called compressive stress.

## How to Calculate Total Hoop Stress in Shell?

Total Hoop Stress in Shell calculator uses Total Hoop Stress = (Design Pressure Shell*Internal Diameter of Shell)/(2*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)+(Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/((4*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)+(2.5*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)) to calculate the Total Hoop Stress, The Total Hoop Stress in Shell formula is defined as is the stress around the circumference of the shell due to a pressure gradient. Total Hoop Stress is denoted by fcs symbol.

How to calculate Total Hoop Stress in Shell using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Total Hoop Stress in Shell, enter Design Pressure Shell (pshell), Internal Diameter of Shell (Di), Shell Thickness (t), Joint Efficiency for Shell (J), Design Jacket Pressure (pj), Internal Diameter of Half Coil (di), Thickness of Half Coil Jacket (tcoil) & Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil (Jcoil) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Total Hoop Stress in Shell calculation can be explained with given input values -> 2.7E-6 = (610000*1.5)/(2*0.2*0.85)+(105000*0.054)/((4*0.0112*0.6)+(2.5*0.2*0.85)).

### FAQ

What is Total Hoop Stress in Shell?
The Total Hoop Stress in Shell formula is defined as is the stress around the circumference of the shell due to a pressure gradient and is represented as fcs = (pshell*Di)/(2*t*J)+(pj*di)/((4*tcoil*Jcoil)+(2.5*t*J)) or Total Hoop Stress = (Design Pressure Shell*Internal Diameter of Shell)/(2*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)+(Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/((4*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)+(2.5*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)). Design Pressure Shell refers to the maximum allowable pressure that the shell can withstand without experiencing permanent deformation or failure, Internal Diameter of Shell is a measurement of the distance of a straight line from one point on the inner wall of the object, through its center, to an opposite point also on the inside, Shell thickness is the the distance through the shell, Joint Efficiency for Shell refers to the effectiveness of the joint between two adjacent sections of a cylindrical shell, such as in a pressure vessel or a storage tank, Design Jacket Pressure refers to a type of pressure vessel designed to withstand high pressures and temperatures, typically used for containing gases or liquids under extreme conditions, Internal Diameter of Half Coil is a measurement of the distance of a straight line from one point on the inner wall of the object, through its center, to an opposite point also on the inside, Thickness of Half Coil Jacket can be determined by considering the heat transfer coefficient, the surface area of the coil, and the temperature difference & Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil is a measure of the strength of the weld relative to the strength of the base metal.
How to calculate Total Hoop Stress in Shell?
The Total Hoop Stress in Shell formula is defined as is the stress around the circumference of the shell due to a pressure gradient is calculated using Total Hoop Stress = (Design Pressure Shell*Internal Diameter of Shell)/(2*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)+(Design Jacket Pressure*Internal Diameter of Half Coil)/((4*Thickness of Half Coil Jacket*Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil)+(2.5*Shell Thickness*Joint Efficiency for Shell)). To calculate Total Hoop Stress in Shell, you need Design Pressure Shell (pshell), Internal Diameter of Shell (Di), Shell Thickness (t), Joint Efficiency for Shell (J), Design Jacket Pressure (pj), Internal Diameter of Half Coil (di), Thickness of Half Coil Jacket (tcoil) & Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil (Jcoil). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Design Pressure Shell, Internal Diameter of Shell, Shell Thickness, Joint Efficiency for Shell, Design Jacket Pressure, Internal Diameter of Half Coil, Thickness of Half Coil Jacket & Weld Joint Efficiency Factor for Coil and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
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