Anion Gap Causes and Symptoms
High anion gap acidosis may be caused by:ketoacidosis, lactic acidosis, renal failure, toxic ingestions while Normal anion gap acidosis may be caused by: gastrointestinal or renal bicarbonate losses, impaired renal excretion. While mild acidemia is typically asymptomatic, symptoms and signs of high anion gap acidosis may include: nausea, vomiting, malaise, hyperpnea (long, deep breaths at a normal rate), fatigue and cardiac dysfunction with hypotension, shock, ventricular arrhythmias .
How to Calculate Anion Gap?
Anion Gap calculator uses Anion Gap = Na-(Cl+Bicarbonate) to calculate the Anion Gap, The anion gap is the difference in the measured cations (positively charged ions) and the measured anions (negatively charged ions) in serum, plasma, or urine. Anion Gap is denoted by AG symbol.
How to calculate Anion Gap using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Anion Gap, enter Na (Na), Cl (Cl) & Bicarbonate (HCO_{3-}) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Anion Gap calculation can be explained with given input values -> 9 = 136-(100+27).