## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
haverage = 0.926*kf*((ρf/μ)*(ρf-ρV)*[g]*(pi*Di*Nt/Mf))^(1/3)
This formula uses 2 Constants, 8 Variables
Constants Used
[g] - Gravitational acceleration on Earth Value Taken As 9.80665
pi - Archimedes' constant Value Taken As 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288
Variables Used
Average Condensation Coefficient - (Measured in Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin) - Average Condensation Coefficient is the mean heat transfer coefficient considering both inner and outer heat transfer during condensation.
Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger - (Measured in Watt per Meter per K) - Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger is the proportionality constant for the heat flux during conduction heat transfer in a heat exchanger.
Fluid Density in Heat Transfer - (Measured in Kilogram per Cubic Meter) - Fluid Density in Heat Transfer is defined as the ratio of mass of given fluid with respect to the volume that it occupies.
Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature - (Measured in Pascal Second) - Fluid viscosity at Average Temperature in Heat Exchanger is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow in a heat exchanger.
Density of Vapor - (Measured in Kilogram per Cubic Meter) - Density of Vapor is defined as the ratio of mass to the volume of vapor at particular temperature.
Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger - (Measured in Meter) - Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger is the inner diameter where in the flow of fluid takes place. Pipe thickness is not taken into account.
Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger - Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger refers to the count of individual tubes that form the heat transfer surface inside the heat exchanger.
Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger - (Measured in Kilogram per Second) - Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger is the mass of a substance that passes per unit of time in a Heat Exchanger.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger: 3.4 Watt per Meter per K --> 3.4 Watt per Meter per K No Conversion Required
Fluid Density in Heat Transfer: 995 Kilogram per Cubic Meter --> 995 Kilogram per Cubic Meter No Conversion Required
Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature: 1.005 Pascal Second --> 1.005 Pascal Second No Conversion Required
Density of Vapor: 1.712 Kilogram per Cubic Meter --> 1.712 Kilogram per Cubic Meter No Conversion Required
Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger: 11.5 Millimeter --> 0.0115 Meter (Check conversion ​here)
Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger: 360 --> No Conversion Required
Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger: 14 Kilogram per Second --> 14 Kilogram per Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
haverage = 0.926*kf*((ρf/μ)*(ρfV)*[g]*(pi*Di*Nt/Mf))^(1/3) --> 0.926*3.4*((995/1.005)*(995-1.712)*[g]*(pi*0.0115*360/14))^(1/3)
Evaluating ... ...
haverage = 653.905400595769
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
653.905400595769 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin --> No Conversion Required
653.905400595769 653.9054 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin <-- Average Condensation Coefficient
(Calculation completed in 00.020 seconds)
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## < 19 Heat Transfer Coefficient in Heat Exchangers Calculators

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Horizontal Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g]/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Dia*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
Maximum Heat Flux in Evaporation Process
Maximum Heat Flux = (pi/24)*Latent Heat of Vaporization*Vapor Density*(Interfacial Tension*([g]/Vapor Density^2)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Vapor Density))^(1/4)*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer+Vapor Density)/(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer))^(1/2)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Subcooling Inside Vertical Tubes
Inside Subcooling Coefficient = 7.5*(4*(Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*pi))*((Specific Heat Capacity*Fluid Density in Heat Transfer^2*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger^2)/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature))^(1/3)
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g])/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Horizontal Tube Loading))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Subcooling Outside Horizontal Tubes
Subcooling Coefficient = 116*((Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger^3)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Pipe Outer Dia)*(Specific Heat Capacity/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*Thermal Expansion Coefficient for Fluid*(Film Temperature-Bulk Fluid Temperature))^0.25
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = Heat Transfer Factor*Reynold Number for Fluid*(Prandlt Number for Fluid^0.333)*(Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger/Equivalent Diameter in Heat Exchanger)*(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Tube Wall Temperature)^0.14
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Outer Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Plate Heat Exchanger
Plate Film Coefficient = 0.26*(Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger/Equivalent Diameter in Heat Exchanger)*(Reynold Number for Fluid^0.65)*(Prandlt Number for Fluid^0.4)*(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Tube Wall Temperature)^0.14
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2
Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)
Outer Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*pi*Pipe Outer Dia)
Length of Tubes in Horizontal Condenser given Tube Loading and Condensate Flowrate
Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Horizontal Tube Loading)
Number of Tubes in Horizontal Condenser given Condensate Flowrate and Tube Loading
Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger = Condensate Flow/(Horizontal Tube Loading*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger)
Horizontal Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film = (4*Tube Loading)/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)
Tube Loading = (Reynolds Number for Condensate Film*Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)/4

## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes Formula

Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
haverage = 0.926*kf*((ρf/μ)*(ρf-ρV)*[g]*(pi*Di*Nt/Mf))^(1/3)

## What is Condenser?

Condenser is a special type of Heat Exchanger in which hot vapors transfer their latent heat to the colder fluid and thus results into condensation of vapors into liquid phase.

## What is Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Tubes?

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Tubes is the heat transfer coefficient when the vapors gets condensed into liquid phase in to the surface of tubes in a shell and tube heat exchanger. The Condenser orientation in such process is vertical positioning and the vapors are allowed to condense over the internal surface of the tubes present.
The Vapors that condenses in such orientation, makes their contact with the internal perimeter of the tubes thus the inner periphery is taken into considerations.

## How to Calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes?

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes calculator uses Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3) to calculate the Average Condensation Coefficient, The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed Inside a vertical tube into its liquid phase. Average Condensation Coefficient is denoted by haverage symbol.

How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes, enter Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger (kf), Fluid Density in Heat Transfer f), Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature (μ), Density of Vapor V), Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger (Di), Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger (Nt) & Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger (Mf) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes calculation can be explained with given input values -> 653.9058 = 0.926*3.4*((995/1.005)*(995-1.712)*[g]*(pi*0.0115*360/14))^(1/3).

### FAQ

What is Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed Inside a vertical tube into its liquid phase and is represented as haverage = 0.926*kf*((ρf/μ)*(ρfV)*[g]*(pi*Di*Nt/Mf))^(1/3) or Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3). Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger is the proportionality constant for the heat flux during conduction heat transfer in a heat exchanger, Fluid Density in Heat Transfer is defined as the ratio of mass of given fluid with respect to the volume that it occupies, Fluid viscosity at Average Temperature in Heat Exchanger is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow in a heat exchanger, Density of Vapor is defined as the ratio of mass to the volume of vapor at particular temperature, Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger is the inner diameter where in the flow of fluid takes place. Pipe thickness is not taken into account, Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger refers to the count of individual tubes that form the heat transfer surface inside the heat exchanger & Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger is the mass of a substance that passes per unit of time in a Heat Exchanger.
How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed Inside a vertical tube into its liquid phase is calculated using Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3). To calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes, you need Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger (kf), Fluid Density in Heat Transfer f), Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature (μ), Density of Vapor V), Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger (Di), Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger (Nt) & Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger (Mf). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger, Fluid Density in Heat Transfer, Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature, Density of Vapor, Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger, Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger & Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Average Condensation Coefficient?
In this formula, Average Condensation Coefficient uses Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger, Fluid Density in Heat Transfer, Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature, Density of Vapor, Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger, Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger & Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger. We can use 5 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g]/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Dia*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g])/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Horizontal Tube Loading))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Outer Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
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