## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3)
haverage = 0.926*k*((ρfluid/μfluid)*(ρfluid-ρVapor)*[g]*(pi*DOuter*NTubes/Mflow))^(1/3)
This formula uses 2 Constants, 8 Variables
Constants Used
[g] - Gravitational acceleration on Earth Value Taken As 9.80665 Meter/Second²
pi - Archimedes' constant Value Taken As 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288
Variables Used
Average Condensation Coefficient - (Measured in Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin) - Average Condensation Coefficient is the heat transfer coefficient when heat gets transfer due to condensation of vapor into its liquid phase.
Thermal Conductivity - (Measured in Watt per Meter per K) - Thermal Conductivity is the propotionality constant for the heat flux during conduction heat transfer.
Fluid Density - (Measured in Kilogram per Cubic Meter) - Fluid Density is defined as the ratio of mass of given fluid with respect to the volume that it occupies.
Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature - (Measured in Pascal Second) - Fluid viscosity at Bulk Temperature is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow. It is defined at the bulk temperature of the fluid.
Vapor Density - (Measured in Kilogram per Cubic Meter) - Vapor Density is defined as the ratio of mass to the volume of vapor at particular temperature.
Pipe Outer Diameter - (Measured in Meter) - Pipe Outer Diameter refers to the measurement of the outside or external diameter of a cylindrical pipe. It includes the pipe thickness into it.
Number of Tubes - Number of tubes in a heat exchanger refers to the count of individual tubes that form the heat transfer surface inside the heat exchanger.
Mass Flowrate - (Measured in Kilogram per Second) - Mass Flowrate is the mass of a substance that passes per unit of time.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Thermal Conductivity: 3.2 Watt per Meter per K --> 3.2 Watt per Meter per K No Conversion Required
Fluid Density: 995 Kilogram per Cubic Meter --> 995 Kilogram per Cubic Meter No Conversion Required
Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature: 1.005 Pascal Second --> 1.005 Pascal Second No Conversion Required
Vapor Density: 1.71 Kilogram per Cubic Meter --> 1.71 Kilogram per Cubic Meter No Conversion Required
Pipe Outer Diameter: 19 Millimeter --> 0.019 Meter (Check conversion here)
Number of Tubes: 360 --> No Conversion Required
Mass Flowrate: 14 Kilogram per Second --> 14 Kilogram per Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
haverage = 0.926*k*((ρfluidfluid)*(ρfluidVapor)*[g]*(pi*DOuter*NTubes/Mflow))^(1/3) --> 0.926*3.2*((995/1.005)*(995-1.71)*[g]*(pi*0.019*360/14))^(1/3)
Evaluating ... ...
haverage = 727.564550419103
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
727.564550419103 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin --> No Conversion Required
727.564550419103 727.5646 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin <-- Average Condensation Coefficient
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
You are here -
Home »

## Credits

Malviya National Institute Of Technology (MNIT JAIPUR ), JAIPUR
Rishi Vadodaria has created this Calculator and 25+ more calculators!
Verified by Heet
Thadomal Shahani Engineering College (Tsec), Mumbai
Heet has verified this Calculator and 10 more calculators!

## < 5 Heat Transfer Coefficient in Heat Exchangers Calculators

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Subcooling Outside Horizontal Tubes
Subcooling Coefficient = 116*((Thermal Conductivity^3)*(Fluid Density/Pipe Outer Diameter)*(Specific Heat Capacity/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*Thermal Expansion Coefficient for Fluid*(Film Temperature-BulThermal Conductivity Fluid Temperature))^0.25
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Plate Heat Exchanger
Plate Film Coefficient = 0.26*(Thermal Conductivity/Equivalent Diameter)*(Reynold Number^0.65)*(Prandlt Number^0.4)*((Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity^0.8)/(Tube Inner Diameter)^0.2

## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes Formula

Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3)
haverage = 0.926*k*((ρfluid/μfluid)*(ρfluid-ρVapor)*[g]*(pi*DOuter*NTubes/Mflow))^(1/3)

## What is Condenser?

Condenser is a special type of Heat Exchanger in which hot vapors transfer their latent heat to the colder fluid and thus results into condensation of vapors into liquid phase.

## What is Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Tubes?

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Tubes is the heat transfer coefficient when the vapors gets condensed into liquid phase on to the surface of tubes in a shell and tube heat exchanger. The Condenser orientation in such process is vertical positioning and the vapors are allowed to condense over the external surface of the tubes present.

## How to Calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes?

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes calculator uses Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3) to calculate the Average Condensation Coefficient, The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed outside a vertical tube into its liquid phase. Average Condensation Coefficient is denoted by haverage symbol.

How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes, enter Thermal Conductivity (k), Fluid Density fluid), Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature fluid), Vapor Density Vapor), Pipe Outer Diameter (DOuter), Number of Tubes (NTubes) & Mass Flowrate (Mflow) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes calculation can be explained with given input values -> 727.5548 = 0.926*3.2*((995/1.005)*(995-1.71)*[g]*(pi*0.019*360/14))^(1/3).

### FAQ

What is Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed outside a vertical tube into its liquid phase and is represented as haverage = 0.926*k*((ρfluid/μfluid)*(ρfluid-ρVapor)*[g]*(pi*DOuter*NTubes/Mflow))^(1/3) or Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3). Thermal Conductivity is the propotionality constant for the heat flux during conduction heat transfer, Fluid Density is defined as the ratio of mass of given fluid with respect to the volume that it occupies, Fluid viscosity at Bulk Temperature is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow. It is defined at the bulk temperature of the fluid, Vapor Density is defined as the ratio of mass to the volume of vapor at particular temperature, Pipe Outer Diameter refers to the measurement of the outside or external diameter of a cylindrical pipe. It includes the pipe thickness into it, Number of tubes in a heat exchanger refers to the count of individual tubes that form the heat transfer surface inside the heat exchanger & Mass Flowrate is the mass of a substance that passes per unit of time.
How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes formula is defined as the film coefficient for heat transfer when the vapors are condensed outside a vertical tube into its liquid phase is calculated using Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3). To calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes, you need Thermal Conductivity (k), Fluid Density fluid), Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature fluid), Vapor Density Vapor), Pipe Outer Diameter (DOuter), Number of Tubes (NTubes) & Mass Flowrate (Mflow). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Thermal Conductivity, Fluid Density, Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature, Vapor Density, Pipe Outer Diameter, Number of Tubes & Mass Flowrate and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Average Condensation Coefficient?
In this formula, Average Condensation Coefficient uses Thermal Conductivity, Fluid Density, Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature, Vapor Density, Pipe Outer Diameter, Number of Tubes & Mass Flowrate. We can use 2 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter*Number of Tubes/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3)
• Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity*((Fluid Density*(Fluid Density-Vapor Density)*([g]/Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature)*(Number of Tubes*Length of Tube/Mass Flowrate))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Tube Row^(-1/6)) Let Others Know