## Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force
FTop = FBottom-Fbuoyant
This formula uses 3 Variables
Variables Used
Top Force - (Measured in Newton) - Top Force is defined as the gauge pressures at the top surface of the plate. It acts downward on the top surface of the plate.
Bottom Force - (Measured in Newton) - Bottom Force is defined as the gauge pressures at the bottom surface of the plate. It acts upward on the bottom surface of the plate.
Buoyant Force - (Measured in Newton) - Buoyant Force is the upward force exerted by any fluid upon a body placed in it.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Bottom Force: 15.67 Newton --> 15.67 Newton No Conversion Required
Buoyant Force: 10.8 Newton --> 10.8 Newton No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
FTop = FBottom-Fbuoyant --> 15.67-10.8
Evaluating ... ...
FTop = 4.87
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
4.87 Newton --> No Conversion Required
4.87 Newton <-- Top Force
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## Credits

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University School of Chemical Technology-USCT (GGSIPU), New Delhi
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## < 11 Buoyancy and Floatation Calculators

Bottom Force on Plate
Bottom Force = Density of Fluid*[g]*(Distance of Top Edge from Free Surface+Vertical Distance of Point from Free Surface)*Area of Surface
Buoyant Force on Flat Plate of Uniform Thickness
Buoyant Force = Density of Fluid*[g]*Vertical Distance of Point from Free Surface*Area of Surface
Top Force on Plate
Top Force = Density of Fluid*[g]*Distance of Top Edge from Free Surface*Area of Surface
Submerged Volume given Weight of Fluid Body
Submerged Volume = Weight of Fluid Body/(Density of Fluid*[g])
Weight of Submerged Portion of Floating Body
Weight of Fluid Body = Density of Fluid*[g]*Submerged Volume
Volume of Body given Buoyant Force
Volume of Body = Buoyant Force/(Density of Fluid*[g])
Buoyant Force given Volume of Body
Buoyant Force = Density of Fluid*[g]*Volume of Body
Volume of Plate
Volume of Body = Height of Plate*Area of Surface
Bottom Force given Buoyant Force and Top Force
Bottom Force = Buoyant Force+Top Force
Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force
Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force
Buoyant Force given Bottom and Top Force
Buoyant Force = Bottom Force-Top Force

## Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force Formula

Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force
FTop = FBottom-Fbuoyant

## What is Fluid Mechanics?

Fluid dynamics is “the branch of applied science that is concerned with the movement of liquids and gases”. It involves a wide range of applications such as calculating force & moments, determining the mass flow rate of petroleum through pipelines, predicting weather patterns, understanding nebulae in interstellar space, and modelling fission weapon detonation.

## What is a Buoyant Force?

The buoyant force is the upward force exerted on an object wholly or partly immersed in a fluid. This upward force is also called Upthrust. Due to the buoyant force, a body submerged partially or fully in a fluid appears to lose its weight, i.e. appears to be lighter. The following factors affect buoyant force: the density of the fluid, the volume of the fluid displaced, the local acceleration due to gravity. An object whose density is greater than that of the fluid in which it is submerged tends to sink. If the object is either less dense than the liquid or is shaped appropriately (as in a boat), the force can keep the object afloat. In terms of relative density, if the relative density is less than one, it floats in water and substances with a relative density greater than one sink in water.

## How to Calculate Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force?

Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force calculator uses Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force to calculate the Top Force, The Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force formula is defined as the difference between Bottom force and Buoyant force. It is a common experience that an object feels lighter and weighs less in a liquid than it does in air. This can be demonstrated easily by weighing a heavy object in water by a waterproof spring scale. Also, objects made of wood or other light materials float on water. These and other observations suggest that a fluid exerts an upward force on a body immersed in it. This force that tends to lift the body is called the buoyant force. The buoyant force is caused by the increase of pressure with depth in a fluid. Thus, we conclude that the buoyant force acting on the plate is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced by the plate. For a fluid with constant density, the buoyant force is independent of the distance of the body from the free surface. It is also independent of the density of the solid body. Top Force is denoted by FTop symbol.

How to calculate Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force, enter Bottom Force (FBottom) & Buoyant Force (Fbuoyant) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force calculation can be explained with given input values -> 4.87 = 15.67-10.8.

### FAQ

What is Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force?
The Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force formula is defined as the difference between Bottom force and Buoyant force. It is a common experience that an object feels lighter and weighs less in a liquid than it does in air. This can be demonstrated easily by weighing a heavy object in water by a waterproof spring scale. Also, objects made of wood or other light materials float on water. These and other observations suggest that a fluid exerts an upward force on a body immersed in it. This force that tends to lift the body is called the buoyant force. The buoyant force is caused by the increase of pressure with depth in a fluid. Thus, we conclude that the buoyant force acting on the plate is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced by the plate. For a fluid with constant density, the buoyant force is independent of the distance of the body from the free surface. It is also independent of the density of the solid body and is represented as FTop = FBottom-Fbuoyant or Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force. Bottom Force is defined as the gauge pressures at the bottom surface of the plate. It acts upward on the bottom surface of the plate & Buoyant Force is the upward force exerted by any fluid upon a body placed in it.
How to calculate Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force?
The Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force formula is defined as the difference between Bottom force and Buoyant force. It is a common experience that an object feels lighter and weighs less in a liquid than it does in air. This can be demonstrated easily by weighing a heavy object in water by a waterproof spring scale. Also, objects made of wood or other light materials float on water. These and other observations suggest that a fluid exerts an upward force on a body immersed in it. This force that tends to lift the body is called the buoyant force. The buoyant force is caused by the increase of pressure with depth in a fluid. Thus, we conclude that the buoyant force acting on the plate is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced by the plate. For a fluid with constant density, the buoyant force is independent of the distance of the body from the free surface. It is also independent of the density of the solid body is calculated using Top Force = Bottom Force-Buoyant Force. To calculate Top Force given Buoyant Force and Bottom Force, you need Bottom Force (FBottom) & Buoyant Force (Fbuoyant). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Bottom Force & Buoyant Force and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Top Force?
In this formula, Top Force uses Bottom Force & Buoyant Force. We can use 1 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• Top Force = Density of Fluid*[g]*Distance of Top Edge from Free Surface*Area of Surface
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