## VCO Single Gain Factor Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
VCO Gain = Change in Frequency of Clock/VCO Control Voltage
Kvco = Δf/Vctrl
This formula uses 3 Variables
Variables Used
VCO Gain - VCO Gain is tuning gain and noise present in the control signal affect the phase noise.
Change in Frequency of Clock - (Measured in Hertz) - Change in Frequency of Clock is defined as the change in the clock frequency of the internal circuit of PLL.
VCO Control Voltage - (Measured in Volt) - VCO Control Voltage is the allowable voltage in VCO.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Change in Frequency of Clock: 0.08 Hertz --> 0.08 Hertz No Conversion Required
VCO Control Voltage: 7 Volt --> 7 Volt No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
Kvco = Δf/Vctrl --> 0.08/7
Evaluating ... ...
Kvco = 0.0114285714285714
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.0114285714285714 --> No Conversion Required
0.0114285714285714 0.011429 <-- VCO Gain
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## Credits

Created by Shobhit Dimri
Bipin Tripathi Kumaon Institute of Technology (BTKIT), Dwarahat
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Verified by Urvi Rathod
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College (VGEC), Ahmedabad
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## <CMOS Design Characteristics Calculators

Built-in Potential
​ Go Built-in Potential = Thermal Voltage*ln((Acceptor Concentration*Donor Concentration)/(Intrinsic Electron Concentration^2))
Capacitance Onpath
​ Go Capacitance Onpath = Total Capacitance in Stage-Capacitance Offpath
Change in Frequency Clock
​ Go Change in Frequency of Clock = VCO Gain*VCO Control Voltage
Static Current
​ Go Static Current = Static Power/Base Collector Voltage

## VCO Single Gain Factor Formula

VCO Gain = Change in Frequency of Clock/VCO Control Voltage
Kvco = Δf/Vctrl

## What is jitter accumulation?

Acute readers may notice that the change in the control voltage does not immediately shift the clock phase of a VCO. The phase rather changes with the time-integration of the control voltage. In other words, it takes time to change the phase of a VCO. This characteristic leads to an often-cited phenomenon called jitter accumulation.

## How to Calculate VCO Single Gain Factor?

VCO Single Gain Factor calculator uses VCO Gain = Change in Frequency of Clock/VCO Control Voltage to calculate the VCO Gain, The VCO Single Gain Factor formula is defined as the difference between the output signal voltage level in decibels and the input signal voltage level. VCO Gain is denoted by Kvco symbol.

How to calculate VCO Single Gain Factor using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for VCO Single Gain Factor, enter Change in Frequency of Clock (Δf) & VCO Control Voltage (Vctrl) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the VCO Single Gain Factor calculation can be explained with given input values -> 0.011429 = 0.08/7.

### FAQ

What is VCO Single Gain Factor?
The VCO Single Gain Factor formula is defined as the difference between the output signal voltage level in decibels and the input signal voltage level and is represented as Kvco = Δf/Vctrl or VCO Gain = Change in Frequency of Clock/VCO Control Voltage. Change in Frequency of Clock is defined as the change in the clock frequency of the internal circuit of PLL & VCO Control Voltage is the allowable voltage in VCO.
How to calculate VCO Single Gain Factor?
The VCO Single Gain Factor formula is defined as the difference between the output signal voltage level in decibels and the input signal voltage level is calculated using VCO Gain = Change in Frequency of Clock/VCO Control Voltage. To calculate VCO Single Gain Factor, you need Change in Frequency of Clock (Δf) & VCO Control Voltage (Vctrl). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Change in Frequency of Clock & VCO Control Voltage and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
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