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## Credits

National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal
Rithik Agrawal has created this Calculator and 1000+ more calculators!
Birsa Institute of Technology (BIT), Sindri
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## Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))
σn-max = (Fv/(144*b))*(1-((6*e)/b))
This formula uses 3 Variables
Variables Used
Vertical component of force - Vertical component of force is the resolved force acting along the vertical direction. (Measured in Newton)
Breadth - Breadth is the measurement or extent of something from side to side. (Measured in Meter)
Eccentricity - Eccentricity of an ellipse is a non-negative real number that uniquely characterizes its shape. (Measured in Centimeter)
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Vertical component of force: 15 Newton --> 15 Newton No Conversion Required
Breadth: 2 Meter --> 2 Meter No Conversion Required
Eccentricity: 10 Centimeter --> 0.1 Meter (Check conversion here)
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
σn-max = (Fv/(144*b))*(1-((6*e)/b)) --> (15/(144*2))*(1-((6*0.1)/2))
Evaluating ... ...
σn-max = 0.0364583333333333
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.0364583333333333 Pascal -->3.64583333333333E-08 Megapascal (Check conversion here)
FINAL ANSWER
3.64583333333333E-08 Megapascal <-- Maximum Normal Stress
(Calculation completed in 00.015 seconds)

## < 9 Gravity Dams Calculators

Eccentricity when Vertical Normal Stress at downstream face is Given
eccentricity = (1-(Maximum Normal Stress/(Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))))*Breadth/6 Go
Eccentricity when Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face is Given
eccentricity = (1-(Maximum Normal Stress/(Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))))*Breadth/6 Go
Vertical Normal Stress at downstream face
max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1+((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)) Go
Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face
max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)) Go
Total Vertical Force when Vertical Normal Stress at downstream face is Given
vertical_force = Maximum Normal Stress/((1/(144*Breadth))*(1+((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))) Go
Total Vertical Force when Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face is Given
vertical_force = Maximum Normal Stress/((1/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))) Go
Height of section when Water Pressure in the gravity dam is Given
height_of_section = sqrt(Pressure/0.5*Water Density) Go
Density of Water when Water Pressure in the gravity dam is Given
density_of_water = Pressure/0.5*(Height of Section^2) Go
Water Pressure in the gravity dam
pressure = 0.5*Water Density*(Height of Section^2) Go

### Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face Formula

max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))
σn-max = (Fv/(144*b))*(1-((6*e)/b))

## What is safe bearing capacity of the soil ?

Safe bearing capacity of soil field test is done to check the capacity of the soil to withstand loads .The maximum load per unit area which the soil can bear without any displacement or settlements is designated as the “Safe bearing capacity of the soil.”

## How to Calculate Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face?

Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face calculator uses max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)) to calculate the Maximum Normal Stress, The Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face formula is defined as the minimum bearing capacity of the soil in tension. Maximum Normal Stress and is denoted by σn-max symbol.

How to calculate Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face, enter Vertical component of force (Fv), Breadth (b) and Eccentricity (e) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face calculation can be explained with given input values -> 3.646E-8 = (15/(144*2))*(1-((6*0.1)/2)).

### FAQ

What is Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face?
The Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face formula is defined as the minimum bearing capacity of the soil in tension and is represented as σn-max = (Fv/(144*b))*(1-((6*e)/b)) or max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)). Vertical component of force is the resolved force acting along the vertical direction, Breadth is the measurement or extent of something from side to side and Eccentricity of an ellipse is a non-negative real number that uniquely characterizes its shape.
How to calculate Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face?
The Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face formula is defined as the minimum bearing capacity of the soil in tension is calculated using max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)). To calculate Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face, you need Vertical component of force (Fv), Breadth (b) and Eccentricity (e). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Vertical component of force, Breadth and Eccentricity and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Maximum Normal Stress?
In this formula, Maximum Normal Stress uses Vertical component of force, Breadth and Eccentricity. We can use 9 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
• pressure = 0.5*Water Density*(Height of Section^2)
• height_of_section = sqrt(Pressure/0.5*Water Density)
• density_of_water = Pressure/0.5*(Height of Section^2)
• max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1+((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))
• vertical_force = Maximum Normal Stress/((1/(144*Breadth))*(1+((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)))
• eccentricity = (1-(Maximum Normal Stress/(Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))))*Breadth/6
• max_normal_stress = (Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth))
• vertical_force = Maximum Normal Stress/((1/(144*Breadth))*(1-((6*Eccentricity)/Breadth)))
• eccentricity = (1-(Maximum Normal Stress/(Vertical component of force/(144*Breadth))))*Breadth/6
Where is the Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face calculator used?
Among many, Vertical Normal Stress at upstream face calculator is widely used in real life applications like {FormulaUses}. Here are few more real life examples -
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