## Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14
μCorrection = (μfluid/μWall)^0.14
This formula uses 3 Variables
Variables Used
Viscosity Correction Factor - Viscosity Correction Factor is ratio of fluid viscosity at mean temperature to fluid viscosity at the wall temperature.
Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature - (Measured in Pascal Second) - Fluid viscosity at Bulk Temperature is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow. It is defined at the bulk temperature of the fluid.
Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature - (Measured in Pascal Second) - Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature is defined at the temperature of the wall of pipe or surface at which the fluid is in contact with it.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature: 1.005 Pascal Second --> 1.005 Pascal Second No Conversion Required
Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature: 1.006 Pascal Second --> 1.006 Pascal Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
μCorrection = (μfluidWall)^0.14 --> (1.005/1.006)^0.14
Evaluating ... ...
μCorrection = 0.999860775469323
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
0.999860775469323 --> No Conversion Required
0.999860775469323 0.999861 <-- Viscosity Correction Factor
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## < 17 Heat Exchangers Calculators

Pressure Drop of Vapor in Condensers given Vapors on Shell Side
Shell Side Pressure Drop = 0.5*8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)*(Shell Diameter/Equivalent Diameter)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)*((Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14)
Shell Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger
Shell Side Pressure Drop = (8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)*(Shell Diameter/Equivalent Diameter))*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)*((Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14)
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = Heat Transfer Factor*Reynold Number*(Prandlt Number^0.333)*(Thermal Conductivity/Equivalent Diameter)*((Fluid Viscosity at BulThermal Conductivity Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14)
Tube Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger for Turbulent Flow
Tube Side Pressure Drop = Number of Tube-Side Passes*(8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Pipe Inner Diameter)*(Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.14+2.5)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)
Tube Side Pressure Drop in Heat Exchanger for Laminar Flow
Tube Side Pressure Drop = Number of Tube-Side Passes*(8*Friction Factor*(Length of Tube/Pipe Inner Diameter)*(Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^-0.25+2.5)*(Fluid Density/2)*(Fluid Velocity^2)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film Outside Vertical Tubes in Heat Exchanger
Reynold Number = 4*Mass Flowrate/(pi*Pipe Outer Diameter*Number of Tubes*Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film Inside Vertical Tubes in Condenser
Reynold Number = 4*Mass Flowrate/(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter*Number of Tubes*Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature)
Number of Tubes in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Number of Tubes = 4*Mass Flowrate/(Fluid Density*Fluid Velocity*pi*(Pipe Inner Diameter)^2)
Shell Area for Heat Exchanger
Shell Area = (Tube Pitch-Pipe Outer Diameter)*Shell Diameter*(Baffle Spacing/Tube Pitch)
Stack Design Pressure Draft for Furnace
Draft Pressure = 0.0342*(Stack Height)*Atmospheric Pressure*(1/Ambient Temperature-1/Flue Gas Temperature)
Equivalent Diameter for Square Pitch in Heat Exchanger
Equivalent Diameter = (1.27/Pipe Outer Diameter)*((Tube Pitch^2)-0.785*(Pipe Outer Diameter^2))
Equivalent Diameter for Triangular Pitch in Heat Exchanger
Equivalent Diameter = (1.10/Pipe Outer Diameter)*((Tube Pitch^2)-0.917*(Pipe Outer Diameter^2))
Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14
Number of Transfer Units for Plate Heat Exchanger
Number Of Transfer Units-NTU = (Outlet Temperature-Inlet Temperature)/LMTD
Number of Tubes in Center Row Given Bundle Diameter and Tube Pitch
Number of Tubes in Vertical Tube Row = Bundle Diameter/Tube Pitch
Number of Baffles in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Number of Baffles = (Length of Tube/Baffle Spacing)-1
Shell Diameter of Heat Exchanger Given Clearance and Bundle Diameter
Shell Diameter = Shell Clearance+Bundle Diameter

## Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Formula

Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14
μCorrection = (μfluid/μWall)^0.14

## What is Viscosity of fluid?

Viscosity is a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. It determines how easily a fluid can be deformed or how smoothly it can move within itself. In simple terms, it is the internal friction within a fluid that opposes its motion.

Factors that influence viscosity include temperature, pressure, and the presence of dissolved solids or gases in the fluid. As temperature increases, the viscosity of most fluids tends to decrease.

## What is the significance of Viscosity Correction Factor?

Viscosity correction factors are used to account for the changes in fluid viscosity due to variations in temperature. The viscosity of fluids typically decreases as temperature increases. When calculating the performance of a heat exchanger, it's important to consider the impact of changing viscosity on heat transfer and pressure drop. The viscosity correction factor is a mathematical adjustment used to incorporate the effects of varying viscosity into heat exchanger calculations.

## How to Calculate Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?

Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger calculator uses Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14 to calculate the Viscosity Correction Factor, The Viscosity Correction Factor For Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is defined as the ratio of viscosity of fluid at bulk temperature by viscosity of fluid at the wall temperature in pipe flow. Viscosity being function of temperature, the correction factor becomes important parameter. Viscosity Correction Factor is denoted by μCorrection symbol.

How to calculate Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, enter Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature fluid) & Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature Wall) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger calculation can be explained with given input values -> 0.999861 = (1.005/1.006)^0.14.

### FAQ

What is Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?
The Viscosity Correction Factor For Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is defined as the ratio of viscosity of fluid at bulk temperature by viscosity of fluid at the wall temperature in pipe flow. Viscosity being function of temperature, the correction factor becomes important parameter and is represented as μCorrection = (μfluid/μWall)^0.14 or Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14. Fluid viscosity at Bulk Temperature is a fundamental property of fluids that characterizes their resistance to flow. It is defined at the bulk temperature of the fluid & Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature is defined at the temperature of the wall of pipe or surface at which the fluid is in contact with it.
How to calculate Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?
The Viscosity Correction Factor For Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is defined as the ratio of viscosity of fluid at bulk temperature by viscosity of fluid at the wall temperature in pipe flow. Viscosity being function of temperature, the correction factor becomes important parameter is calculated using Viscosity Correction Factor = (Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature)^0.14. To calculate Viscosity Correction Factor for Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, you need Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature fluid) & Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature Wall). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Fluid Viscosity at Bulk Temperature & Fluid Viscosity at Wall Temperature and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well. Let Others Know