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Drift Speed Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
drift_speed = (1/2*[Charge-e]*Electric Field*Relaxation time)/[Mass-e]
Vd = (1/2*[Charge-e]*E*𝛕)/[Mass-e]
This formula uses 3 Constants, 1 Functions, 2 Variables
Constants Used
e - Napier's constant Value Taken As 2.71828182845904523536028747135266249
[Charge-e] - Charge of electron Value Taken As 1.60217662E-19
[Mass-e] - Mass of electron Value Taken As 9.10938356E-31
Functions Used
C - Binomial coefficient function, C(n,k)
Variables Used
Electric Field - Electric field is defined as the electric force per unit charge. (Measured in Volt per Meter)
Relaxation time - Relaxation time is the time in which the particle does not collide with any other particle. (Measured in Second)
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Electric Field: 600 Volt per Meter --> 600 Volt per Meter No Conversion Required
Relaxation time: 1 Second --> 1 Second No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
Vd = (1/2*[Charge-e]*E*𝛕)/[Mass-e] --> (1/2*[Charge-e]*600*1)/[Mass-e]
Evaluating ... ...
Vd = 52764600681717.3
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
52764600681717.3 Meter per Second --> No Conversion Required
FINAL ANSWER
52764600681717.3 Meter per Second <-- Drift Speed
(Calculation completed in 00.016 seconds)

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electric_field = Electric Potential Difference/Length of Conductor Go
Equivalent resistance in parallel
equivalent_resistance = (1/Resistance+1/Final Resistance)^(-1) Go
Power when electric potential difference and electric current are given
power = Electric Potential Difference*Electric Current Go
Equivalent resistance in series
equivalent_resistance = Resistance+Final Resistance Go
Electric Current when Charge and Time are Given
electric_current = Charge/Total Time Taken Go
Power, when electric current and resistance are given
power = (Electric Current)^2*Resistance Go
Ohm's Law
voltage = Electric Current*Resistance Go

Drift Speed Formula

drift_speed = (1/2*[Charge-e]*Electric Field*Relaxation time)/[Mass-e]
Vd = (1/2*[Charge-e]*E*𝛕)/[Mass-e]

What is drift speed of an electron?

The drift speed is an average speed attained by charged particles, such as electrons, in a material due to an electric field. In general, an electron in a conductor will propagate randomly at the Fermi velocity, resulting in an average velocity of zero.

How to Calculate Drift Speed?

Drift Speed calculator uses drift_speed = (1/2*[Charge-e]*Electric Field*Relaxation time)/[Mass-e] to calculate the Drift Speed, The Drift Speed when Cross-Sectional Area is Given is the average velocity that a particle achieves due to an electric field. Drift Speed and is denoted by Vd symbol.

How to calculate Drift Speed using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Drift Speed, enter Electric Field (E) and Relaxation time (𝛕) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Drift Speed calculation can be explained with given input values -> 5.276E+13 = (1/2*[Charge-e]*600*1)/[Mass-e].

FAQ

What is Drift Speed?
The Drift Speed when Cross-Sectional Area is Given is the average velocity that a particle achieves due to an electric field and is represented as Vd = (1/2*[Charge-e]*E*𝛕)/[Mass-e] or drift_speed = (1/2*[Charge-e]*Electric Field*Relaxation time)/[Mass-e]. Electric field is defined as the electric force per unit charge and Relaxation time is the time in which the particle does not collide with any other particle.
How to calculate Drift Speed?
The Drift Speed when Cross-Sectional Area is Given is the average velocity that a particle achieves due to an electric field is calculated using drift_speed = (1/2*[Charge-e]*Electric Field*Relaxation time)/[Mass-e]. To calculate Drift Speed, you need Electric Field (E) and Relaxation time (𝛕). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Electric Field and Relaxation time and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
How many ways are there to calculate Drift Speed?
In this formula, Drift Speed uses Electric Field and Relaxation time. We can use 10 other way(s) to calculate the same, which is/are as follows -
  • equivalent_resistance = Resistance+Final Resistance
  • equivalent_resistance = (1/Resistance+1/Final Resistance)^(-1)
  • shunt = Electric current through galvanometer*Resistance through galvanometer/(Electric Current-Electric current through galvanometer)
  • electric_potential_difference = (Electric current through galvanometer*Resistance)+(Electric current through galvanometer*Resistance through galvanometer)
  • electric_current = Charge/Total Time Taken
  • electric_field = Electric Potential Difference/Length of Conductor
  • voltage = Electric Current*Resistance
  • resistance = (Resistivity*Length of Conductor)/Cross sectional area
  • power = Electric Potential Difference*Electric Current
  • power = (Electric Current)^2*Resistance
Where is the Drift Speed calculator used?
Among many, Drift Speed calculator is widely used in real life applications like {FormulaUses}. Here are few more real life examples -
{FormulaExamplesList}
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