## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Solution

STEP 0: Pre-Calculation Summary
Formula Used
Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2
hi = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(tw))*(Vf^0.8)/(Di)^0.2
This formula uses 4 Variables
Variables Used
Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient - (Measured in Watt per Square Meter per Celcius) - Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient is the heat transfer coefficient for the fluid allocated in the tube side in shell and tube heat exchanger.
Water Temperature - (Measured in Celsius) - Water Temperature is the bulk temperature of water that is allocated on tube side of shell and tube heat exchanger.
Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger - (Measured in Meter per Second) - Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger is defined as the speed with which it flows in a Heat exchanger surface.
Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger - (Measured in Millimeter) - Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger is the inner diameter where in the flow of fluid takes place. Pipe thickness is not taken into account.
STEP 1: Convert Input(s) to Base Unit
Water Temperature: 55 Celsius --> 55 Celsius No Conversion Required
Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger: 2.5 Meter per Second --> 2.5 Meter per Second No Conversion Required
Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger: 11.5 Millimeter --> 11.5 Millimeter No Conversion Required
STEP 2: Evaluate Formula
Substituting Input Values in Formula
hi = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(tw))*(Vf^0.8)/(Di)^0.2 --> 4200*(1.35+0.02*(55))*(2.5^0.8)/(11.5)^0.2
Evaluating ... ...
hi = 13140.9817946018
STEP 3: Convert Result to Output's Unit
13140.9817946018 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin --> No Conversion Required
13140.9817946018 13140.98 Watt per Square Meter per Kelvin <-- Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
(Calculation completed in 00.004 seconds)
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## < 19 Heat Transfer Coefficient in Heat Exchangers Calculators

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Horizontal Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g]/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Inside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Condensation Outside Vertical Tubes
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]*(pi*Pipe Outer Dia*Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger/Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger))^(1/3)
Maximum Heat Flux in Evaporation Process
Maximum Heat Flux = (pi/24)*Latent Heat of Vaporization*Vapor Density*(Interfacial Tension*([g]/Vapor Density^2)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Vapor Density))^(1/4)*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer+Vapor Density)/(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer))^(1/2)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Subcooling Inside Vertical Tubes
Inside Subcooling Coefficient = 7.5*(4*(Mass Flowrate in Heat Exchanger/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger*pi))*((Specific Heat Capacity*Fluid Density in Heat Transfer^2*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger^2)/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature))^(1/3)
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.95*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*([g])/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Horizontal Tube Loading))^(1/3))*(Number of Tubes in Vertical Row of Exchanger^(-1/6))
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Subcooling Outside Horizontal Tubes
Subcooling Coefficient = 116*((Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger^3)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer/Pipe Outer Dia)*(Specific Heat Capacity/Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)*Thermal Expansion Coefficient for Fluid*(Film Temperature-Bulk Fluid Temperature))^0.25
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
Shell Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = Heat Transfer Factor*Reynold Number for Fluid*(Prandlt Number for Fluid^0.333)*(Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger/Equivalent Diameter in Heat Exchanger)*(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Tube Wall Temperature)^0.14
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Outer Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
Average Condensation Coefficient = 0.926*Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger*((Fluid Density in Heat Transfer)*(Fluid Density in Heat Transfer-Density of Vapor)*[g]/((Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature*Tube Loading)))^(1/3)
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Plate Heat Exchanger
Plate Film Coefficient = 0.26*(Thermal Conductivity in Heat Exchanger/Equivalent Diameter in Heat Exchanger)*(Reynold Number for Fluid^0.65)*(Prandlt Number for Fluid^0.4)*(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature/Fluid Viscosity at Tube Wall Temperature)^0.14
Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2
Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*pi*Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)
Outer Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*pi*Pipe Outer Dia)
Length of Tubes in Horizontal Condenser given Tube Loading and Condensate Flowrate
Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Horizontal Tube Loading)
Number of Tubes in Horizontal Condenser given Condensate Flowrate and Tube Loading
Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger = Condensate Flow/(Horizontal Tube Loading*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger)
Horizontal Tube Loading = Condensate Flow/(Number of Tubes in Heat Exchanger*Length of Tube in Heat Exchanger)
Reynolds Number for Condensate Film = (4*Tube Loading)/(Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)
Tube Loading = (Reynolds Number for Condensate Film*Fluid Viscosity at Average Temperature)/4

## Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Formula

Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2
hi = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(tw))*(Vf^0.8)/(Di)^0.2

## What is Shell and Tube heat exchanger?

A Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger is a type of heat exchanger widely used in various industrial processes to transfer heat between two fluids. It consists of a shell (a cylindrical vessel) and multiple tubes inside it. The two fluids flow in opposite directions, with one flowing inside the tubes (the tube-side fluid) and the other flowing outside the tubes but inside the shell (the shell-side fluid). Heat is exchanged between these two fluids through the tube walls.

## What is the Significance of Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient?

Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient quantifies how effectively heat is exchanged between the fluid inside the tubes (tube-side fluid) and the fluid outside the tubes (shell-side fluid) in a Heat Exchanger. Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient depends on parameters such as Reynolds Number, Prandlt Number and Thermal Conductivity of Tube Side Fluid.

## How to Calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?

Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger calculator uses Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2 to calculate the Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient, The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is a measure of how effectively heat is transferred from the water inside the tubes to the surrounding fluid or medium, typically in watts per square meter per degree Celsius (W/m²·°C). It quantifies the rate of heat transfer and is essential for designing and optimizing heat exchanger systems. Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient is denoted by hi symbol.

How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger using this online calculator? To use this online calculator for Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, enter Water Temperature (tw), Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger (Vf) & Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger (Di) and hit the calculate button. Here is how the Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger calculation can be explained with given input values -> 13140.98 = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(328.15))*(2.5^0.8)/(0.0115)^0.2.

### FAQ

What is Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is a measure of how effectively heat is transferred from the water inside the tubes to the surrounding fluid or medium, typically in watts per square meter per degree Celsius (W/m²·°C). It quantifies the rate of heat transfer and is essential for designing and optimizing heat exchanger systems and is represented as hi = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(tw))*(Vf^0.8)/(Di)^0.2 or Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2. Water Temperature is the bulk temperature of water that is allocated on tube side of shell and tube heat exchanger, Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger is defined as the speed with which it flows in a Heat exchanger surface & Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger is the inner diameter where in the flow of fluid takes place. Pipe thickness is not taken into account.
How to calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger?
The Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger formula is a measure of how effectively heat is transferred from the water inside the tubes to the surrounding fluid or medium, typically in watts per square meter per degree Celsius (W/m²·°C). It quantifies the rate of heat transfer and is essential for designing and optimizing heat exchanger systems is calculated using Tube Side Heat Transfer Coefficient = 4200*(1.35+0.02*(Water Temperature))*(Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger^0.8)/(Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger)^0.2. To calculate Heat Transfer Coefficient for Water in Tube Side in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, you need Water Temperature (tw), Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger (Vf) & Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger (Di). With our tool, you need to enter the respective value for Water Temperature, Fluid Velocity in Heat Exchanger & Pipe Inner Diameter in Exchanger and hit the calculate button. You can also select the units (if any) for Input(s) and the Output as well.
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