Verified
Average Nusselt number upto L

Verified
Average Nusselt number upto length L for constant heat flux

Verified
Diameter at which turbulence starts

Verified
Diameter given Graetz number

Verified
Diameter given Reynolds number

Verified
Effective thermal conductivity

Verified
Effective thermal conductivity for the space between two concentric spheres

Verified
Effective thermal conductivity given Rayleigh Number based on Turbulence

Verified
Heat transfer between concentric spheres given both diameters

Verified
Heat transfer between concentric spheres given both radii

Verified
Inside diameter of the concentric sphere

Verified
Inside radius from gap length

Verified
Inside temperature of the concentric sphere

Verified
Kinematic viscosity given Reynolds number based on rotational speed

Verified
Kinematic viscosity of the fluid

Verified
Length given the Graetz number

Verified
Length of the space between the two concentric sphere

Verified
Nusselt number based on diameter for horizontal cylinders

Verified
Nusselt number based on diameter for liquid metals

Verified
Nusselt number based on length for rectangular cavities

Verified
Nusselt number for heated surface down

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal cylinders

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal plate with constant heat flux

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal plate with constant wall temperature

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal plate with heated surface up

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal plate with upper surface cooled or lower surface heated

Verified
Nusselt number for horizontal plate with upper surface heated or lower surface cooled

Verified
Nusselt number for inclined plate with constant heat flux

Verified
Nusselt number for inclined plates with heated surface facing down

Verified
Nusselt number for medium aspect ratio

Verified
Nusselt number for small aspect ratio

Verified
Nusselt number for sphere

Verified
Nusselt number for sphere with Pr equal to 1

Verified
Nusselt number with large aspect ratio and higher RL

Verified
Outside diameter of the concentric sphere

Verified
Outside radius from gap length

Verified
Prandtl number given Graetz numbber

Verified
Rayleigh number based on turbulence for concentric spheres

Verified
Reynolds number based on length

Verified
Reynolds number based on rotational speed

Verified
Rotational speed given Reynolds number

Verified
Rotational speed of the disc

Verified
Thermal conductivity of fluid

22 More Free convection Calculators

Created
Angular change when there is maximum distortion of fillet welds

Created
Angular Distortion at x of Fillet Welds

Created
Cooling rate for relatively thin plates

Created
Cross‑sectional area of weld for given transverse shrinkage in butt joints

Created
Degree of restraint (Butt joints)

Created
Depth of root face for minimum distortion of Butt joint

Created
Depth of the first V‑groove for minimum distortion of Butt joint

Created
Depth of the last V‑groove for minimum distortion of Butt joint

Created
Heat required to melt the joint

Created
Heat transfer efficiency, α

Created
Length of fillet leg from transverse shrinkage in T-joints

Created
Length of fillet leg in Lap joints from shrinkage

Created
Length of span for maximum angular distortion of fillet welds

Created
Length of the bent part in bending operation

Created
Maximum Angular Distortion of Fillet Welds

Created
Melting efficiency, ß

Created
Metal deposited in first pass of welding when transverse shrinkage is known

Created
Net heat per unit volume available for Arc welding

Created
Net heat supplied to achieve given cooling rates for thick plates

Created
Net heat supplied to achieve given cooling rates for thin plates

Created
Net heat supplied to the joint

Created
Net heat supplied to weld area to raise it to given temperature from fusion boundary

Created
Net heat supplied when Relative thickness factor is known

Created
Plate thickness for given transverse shrinkage in butt joints

Created
Position of peak temperature from fusion boundary

Created
Rated duty cycle when actual duty cycle is given

Created
Relative plate thickness factor

Created
Rigidity of fillet welds

Created
Root opening when transverse shrinkage is known

Created
Shrinkage of unrestrained joint from given shrinkage of restrained Butt joint

Created
Stock thickness to be used in bending operation

Created
The cooling rate for relatively thick plates

Created
The Peak temperature reached at any point in the material

Created
Thermal conductivity of base metal using given cooling rate (thick plates)

Created
Thermal conductivity of base metal using given cooling rate (thin plates)

Created
Thickness of base metal for desired cooling rate

Created
Thickness of base metal when Relative thickness factor is known

Created
Thickness of bottom plate in T-joints

Created
Thickness of plates in Lap joints

Created
Total heat generated in resistance welding

Created
Total metal deposited in weld when total transverse shrinkage is known

Created
Total transverse shrinkage during multi-pass welding of butt joint

Created
Transverse Shrinkage in Butt Joints

Created
Transverse shrinkage in first pass when total shrinkage is known

Created
Transverse shrinkage in Lap Joint with Fillets

Created
Transverse shrinkage in T-joint with Two Fillets

Created
Transverse shrinkage of restrained joint

Created
Width between the contact points during bending

3 More Welding Calculators